In support of the 2,500-years old meditation techniques originally taught by the Buddha.

Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram


Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram


It was thought that the Gundestrup Cauldron was made between the 1st century BC to the 4th century AD, but after a technical investigation initiated by the National Museum of Denmark the beeswax used to fill the images was dated to a window between 93-144 AD that matches the reign of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian in Rome. During this same period the oldest Roman building in existence, the Pantheon in Rome, was redesigned and built. The Pantheon has the shape of a giant eye and was designed according to the "mystic numbers of Pythagoras".


It just so happened that Plutarch, a priest in Delphi, an author of popular essays and Neoplatonic philosopher who studied in Athens, wrote an essay with 21 chapters to explain the origins of E, 5th letter in the Greek alphabet: "ON THE 'E' AT DELPHI".


Using these details as a lead an investigation was done by following the details in the technical report of the National Museum of Denmark, where sixteen silver pieces of  the Gundestrup Cauldron was discovered, buried together with a small piece of an iron ring that was much older. The iron dated back to the 3rd century BC, that matches the period when Ashoka from India sent an envoy with enlightened monks to teach the Buddha's original system of meditation in Europe.


The wild medley of facts seemed chaotic, until one red line was followed that became the thread that showed the path to the centre of the labyrinth: knowledge of  the 6th sense. The chapters of Plutarch's essay matched perfectly the definitions of the Elder Futhark rune symbols. A simple story line that reads like a modern bestseller of even worse - a conspiracy theory - unfolded, which is an alternative version of European history that matches facts that are, in this case, stranger than many books written about popular fiction - the true details seem like a story line that has the potency of bestselling modern books. 


The true legacy of the Gundestrup cauldron is found in the details: the cauldron is a meditation diagram that explains the complexity of techniques originally taught by the Buddha Gotama in India, using images that goes beyond the limitation of language. Neither the Romans (or a large portion to be more precise) nor the Vikings of Scandinavia were the ruthless thieves and murderers described in texts that survived the burning of libraries after antiquity. The texts that survived were all copied in Christian monasteries where details were changed to serve a new political agenda and interpreted by modern scholars with a 20th-century approach (against the backdrop of two world wars and a lack of knowledge about meditation practices).


To summarise the long history, beautifully illustrated on the Cauldron:


The Gundestrup Cauldron was designed by a group of Romans who cooperated with local tribes from Petra (city of cave-dwellers described by Plutarch) in Arabia to the locals at the Maeshowe tomb in Orkney, Scotland. Cooperation included Celtic and Germanic tribes, it included the Scandinavian Goths , expert metal workers who lived in Thrace where the cauldron was made - in the various regions where Hadrian served in the legions of the Roman military. Different tribes must have donated coins in a joint project to promote peace in a project initiated by Hadrian, the joint attempts were successful, for nearly a hundred years there were very few wars.


Embedded in the Cauldron's images are a collection of details that leaves one stunned at the expertise and knowledge of those who made the cauldron: both technical and in the evidence of their knowledge about meditation practices. The 5 inner panels have the same meaning as the 5 rings of the dome of the Pantheon and the 'E' at Delphi (5th number of the Greek alphabet). The 7 outer panels  explain the Seven Stages of Purification that summarise the meditation system of the Buddha, including details embedded into symbols that explain the steps taken by advanced meditators that will lead to final liberation.


In the text the cultural background of tribes from France and central Germany who cooperated with Hadrian are described. The illustrated panels reveal details about the cauldron that is best described as a meditation diagram that explains the meditation system without using language, knowledge that goes beyond time or space. The Gundestrup Cauldron is a meditation diagram that explains, in detail, the meditation system originally taught by the Buddha Gotama in India in the 6th century BC, followed by Pythagoras and taught buy a long lineage of teachers during a period that lasted 1,700 years, when the final rune inscriptions were made in Scandinavia.


People stopped meditating due to conditions that changed, the histories were rewritten. In Europe people collectively forgot that meditation was ever practiced, despite thousands of artefacts that still bear witness to advanced knowledge of the techniques. Precious objects like the Gundestrup Cauldron were buried by their protectors who were almost certainly advanced practitioners of meditation, with the aspiration that they will be rediscovered and that the message of peace illustrated on the cauldron will still be understood.


In support of the 2,500-year-old techniques still taught and practiced in the world.

All contents is the personal view of the author.



The Mithras animated text video is an accompaniment to the text "Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram" where the original sources for silver used to make the Cauldron and its link to advanced Buddhist meditation techniques are illustrated in detail.





Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram

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Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram

Mysteries of Mithras and the quest of the cauldron


Mysteries of Mithras and the Quest of the Cauldron


This short video (no sound) is a visual accompaniment to texts found on


Was Mithras the symbol of Stoic philosophers who meditated in “manmade caves” in Rome?

The meaning of Mithraism that originated in Rome (thought to be a deity from Persia) in the second century AD is still a mystery, but with an analysis of all elements of the tauroctony (where Mithras sacrifices a bull) from a meditation perspective there is a seamless match with the system of meditation techniques originally taught by the Buddha Gotama in India. The suffering of repeated birth, ageing and death can be overcome by cutting the roots of attachment to sensuality symbolised by the bull, symbol of sensual attachment and the an-iconic symbol used for the luxury life as a prince of the Buddha-to-be. The 7 stages of initiation of Mithras are aligned with Seven Stages of Purification, which were illustrated on the Gundestrup Cauldron that was made between 94-143 AD, according to recent carbon dating: during the reign of Roman Emperors Trajan and Hadrian. During the same time the Pantheon was built in Rome: a meditation diagram in the shape of “an eye to see the Truth”.

The design of the Pantheon, Gundestrup Cauldron and Mithraism seem to be linked: launched by Hadrian as projects to promote peace in the Roman Empire by promoting the practice of meditation techniques: the dialectics of philosophy.


Texts that describe the lost links of Buddhism in Europe:

Gundestrup Cauldron: a meditation diagram ● (Did Pythagoras make the Phaistos disk? ● Mystery of Maeshowe Orkney ● Golden Collars of Sweden and the ‘E’ at Delphi ● Etruscan symbols universal language of the heart)



Documentary about the meditation system: "Sketch of an Excellent Man”


Original source where the techniques are still taught, both as theory (Abhidhamma) and as meditation techniques (Samatha-Vipassanā):



All contents is the personal view of the author